lifespan of roofing materials

Wood shingle roofs average about 25 to 30 years in longevity, though longer lifespans are sometimes achieved in locations where the roof experiences mild conditions and remains free of debris. Replace split shakes right away. Metal Roofing. Asphalt in general and EPDM flashing material are both highly vulnerable to sunlight.). If installing a traditional Spanish clay tile roof at $20 per square foot, costs for a 2,000 square foot house with 2,200 of sloped roof area would be $44,400. There are many factors that go into predicting the length of the useful service life of a roof. For the sake of comparison, we've offered average national costs based a 2,000 square foot house with a standard roof, installed by professionals. Originally, metal roofs were only a popular option for commercial properties. Maximizing the lifespan of a built-up roof is accomplished by regular inspection and repair, and by keeping debris off the roof to prevent degradation of the surface. A lifespan of 80-100 years is typical for slate roofing, although this can last longer if maintained well after installation. Across the board, the average life of a roof in Florida is three to five years less than you might expect to get from the same roofing material in other parts of the … Normally used on roofs that are flat or with a very slight pitch, BUR roofIt is fire-resistant and inexpensive, but the roofing is messy and smelly to install. Clay tile roofs are very popular in the Southwest, but they can be found anywhere in the country, thanks to their incredible strength and durability. The average lifespan of asphalt shingles ranges from 20 to 40 years depending on the manufacturer. An all-too-common reason for the premature failure of tile roofs, for instance, is the use of low-quality fasteners and battens, which fail long before the tiles themselves would have. Be aware that different roof configurations and different materials can make these costs vary greatly Costs will vary even by region, based on the differences in labor costs. Lifespan: 5-10 years. In many ways, standing-seam metal roofs might be a more cost-effective option then the far more popular asphalt shingle roof. The lifespan of any roof depends on factors such as the size, grade, design, and composition of the material. Concrete tiles can cost around $10 per square foot, installed; terra cotta can range from $15 to $20 per square foot installed; and ceramic tile, from $20 to $30 per square foot, installed. Have a question? If three installations are required over a century, average costs in today's dollars would run $78,000 over 100 years. To maximize lifespan, you do need to baby them and practice proper maintenance. If the roof is properly maintained and inspected, it is not unreasonable to expect your metal roof to last 40 years or longer. The most common types of commercial roofing materials are TPO, EPDM, PVC, Mod Bit, BUR, and tar and gravel. Rolled roofing can be applied either with the torch-down method or with roofing nails. Slate roofs are usually the top choice for those seeking durability when installing a new roof. Metal roofs are resistant to fire, moisture, snow and wind. There are common commercial roofing systems that have lifespans anywhere from 10 to 40 years and they include the following: TPO roof system life expectancy – 22-30 years. Many manufacturers have recently changed their warranties to “limited lifetime” warranties, especially for high-end asphalt shingles. Eliminate moss. Costs for standing-seam metal roofs average about $10 per square foot for steel or aluminum, $13 per square foot for zinc, and $18 per square foot for copper. Assuming this roof might be replaced three to four times, an asphalt shingle roof will cost, in today's dollars, $33,000 to $44,000 over 100 years. Those tree branches are going to be a problem, as the shade keeps the shingles from drying out properly, which can result in rot and undesirable growths. Lee has over two decades of hands-on experience remodeling, fixing, and improving homes, and has been providing home improvement advice for over 12 years. On a 2,000 square foot house with a roof very close to that square footage, average professional installation costs about $8,000. These roofs are normally installed by professional crews, but installation is not out of reach for a skilled DIYer. This lifespan can only be expected if the roof is maintained over the years. Copyright © 2014 - 2020, Roof Online. A built-up roof (BUR) is a layered roof that is created by alternating layers of roofing felt and waterproof materials such as fiberglass, and hot tar (bitumen). Asphalt roll roofing is made from large rolls of the same material used in asphalt shingles. When efflorescence develops, as often happens with terracotta, buff it off with a clean, dry towel. A cheap roof is no bargain if it needs to be replaced every 8 years. This means that the manufacturer starts to guarantee less than the full replacement value of the roofing material after that point. Wood shingle roofs are made from thin, wedge-shaped pieces of natural wood, such as cedar or yellow pine, which are sawn from logs. About • Contact • *Disclosure Statement • Legal Statement • Privacy Policy. With this life expectancy of build-up, it stands side by side with composition (asphalt) shingles of a 15 to 30 years lifespan. There are slate roofs still in operation that literally date back to Shakespeare's time. Be aware that growing fire hazards in some regions has caused legal restrictions on the use of wood roofing materials. They require a sturdy roofing framing sufficient to hold the weight and must be installed by skilled professionals. You can typically count on shakes being about 50 percent more expensive than shingles. The first is the preliminary lifespan. They make for an extremely attractive roof but are tricky to install and not suitable for most DIYers. Asphalt Shingles – Without a doubt, asphalt shingles are the most popular roofing materials in the United States. Get daily tips and tricks for making your best home. The lifespan of a metal roof can also … The lifespan of liquid roofs can really be broken down into two categories. Composite shingles use either an organic or fiberglass base that is saturated with asphalt, coated on the bottom side with asphalt, and the exposed surface impregnated with small chips of slate, schist, quartz, or ceramic granules. But there is strong evidence that improved metal roofs now being sold may routinely last 50 years. A material warranty only covers the performance of the roofing material itself (basically, it just covers factory defects, which are very rare these days). At today's dollars, a slate roof would cost $66,000 over 100 years. Meticulously maintained, wood shingle roofs can last for 50 years. The following table provides typical expected useful service life durations for various roofing materials and roof systems. Metal Roofing The Good. These large-format strips of thin roofing material offer a fast, convenient, and inexpensive way to cover a sloped-roof building like a workshop where appearances aren't important. A cedar shingle roof like this one can last up to 40 years if it’s taken care of properly. Both the materials and installation are more expensive for shakes than for wood shingles. They have an average lifespan of 20 years. These types of roofs can last 100 years or longer. Assuming that this roof will need to be replaced about four times over a 100 year period, average roofing costs in today's dollars are about $32,000 over 100 years. Wood shake roofs can be expected to last 35 to 40 years, though longer life is not rare. Design. For most of the roof materials that are used, they have around an average lifespan of 25 to 50 years. It is important to avoid using low-quality roofing materials, which may cause premature roofing material degradation and leakiness. Find the answers to your questions about roofs and roofing. Steel, aluminum and copper are often used for metal roofing. Clay tile roofs routinely last 100 years or more when properly maintained. The three different types will vary in price, and the lifespan of each will differ as well. To maximize lifespan, regularly check them to make sure that fasteners and sealants haven't failed, and inspect for distressed, bent, or slipped panels. Getting maximum life from the roofing is really just a matter of keeping it clear of debris and quickly patching any punctures or damage that occurs. BUR roofs typically last from 20 to 30 years. Roof Online's Quick Reference Library - Click Here! Metal roofing made from steel or aluminum is durable and can handle 40-80 years of wear and tear before they need to be replaced. Slate is one of the oldest roofing materials in use today; it has been used for centuries. You will need to make annual inspections and minor repairs. Assuming this roof will need to be replaced at least three or four times over a century, costs can be as high as $60,000 to $80,000 over 100 years, calculated in today's dollars. Metal roofing tends to last between 40 and 70 years. Overall, this is still the original roof and the original application at work. To extend the life of a wood shingle roof, make sure to replace split and cracked shingles immediately, and keep the roof free of moss. See The Best Roofing Tweets from Twitter! The table covers current roofing products, so in some cases the expected service life we give will be significantly longer than what can be expected from older products in existing roofs which were installed years ago. Many roof types don’t perform well in deserts, with the continual barrage of UV rays. The longest-lasting roofing materials. Keep them free of moss, and never power wash an asphalt shingle roof. Ribbed metal panels are cheaper to install than standing seam roofing, but they only last between 25 and 50 years. Slate, concrete and clay tiles -- Each of these products is rated for a life expectancy of 100 years or more by both the NAHB and NACHI. The Metal Roofing Alliance gives a life expectancy of at least 40 to 60 years. Composite shingle roofing is the most popular of all roofing materials, found on more than 80 percent of all homes. All consist of individual tiles installed in overlapping layers over the roof surface, and all have roughly the same degree of strength and durability. Wood shakes are a thicker material than wood shingles, and they can be expected to stand up better than wood shingles to weather and UV rays. For a homeowner who lives in a home for 30 to 40 years before selling, a single $22,000 re-roofing expense might be the only one ever incurred if using metal roofing. The quality of your installation will impact the lifespan of any roofing material, which is why it’s important to leave your roofing needs to the professionals. As with most home improvement choices, there is a direct relationship between quality and expense, and in the case of roofing, "quality" usually translates as longevity. Lifespans of Different Roofing Materials A metal roof is becoming quite popular, and although they are a bit more costly than something like an asphalt roof, it can be an excellent investment if you plan on staying in your home for quite some time. Tile lasts an average of 25 to 50 years. Metal roofing is another common choice, though different groups are divided on what the reasonable lifespan is for these roofs. Hard slate can be expected to last between 75 and 200 years, while soft slate has a shorter lifespan of between 50 and 125 years. This may well be the only roof your home ever needs. The values for the expected lifespans are based on recent developments in roofing materials technology. However, the more durable metal roofing such as those made from materials like zinc and copper can easily last for more than your entire lifespan and may even reach a century. However, this type of roof is not suitable for a home with any real slope to the roof. The balanced roofing is a special type of built-up roofing that uses large stones for its surface layer. If you are really concerned about future owners, a tile roof is a great choice. Long Life Expectancy – Metal roof sare going to last about as long as you own the home. 12 Roofing Materials to Consider for Your House, Sustainable Roofing Materials: What to Know, Slate Shingle Roof Basics: What to Know Before You Buy, How to Select the Best Roof Shingle Material for Your Home, Rolled Roofing (MSR): Basics and Costs of This Do-It-Yourself Roofing, How Roof Pitch Affects Your Choice of Roofing Materials, How to Repair a Hole in a Metal Roof System, How to Determine the Cost per Square Foot of Building a Garage. Ever. Assuming an average installation cost of $30 per square foot, a 2,000 square foot home with 2,200 in sloped roof area can cost roughly $66,000 to roof with slate. Those things will be covered by the roofing contractor’s workmanship guarantee if they are covered at all. Maximize the lifespan of asphalt shingle roofs by avoiding cheap shingles and avoiding walking on them. The following table provides the typical expected service life and standard warranty periods for the various types of roofing materials and roof systems commonly installed today. As a rule of thumb, the thicker the shingle, the panel, the membrane, or the tile, the longer the roof will last. Rather, cracking is what can doom tile roofs. (Some tile roofs in Europe have been around for centuries!) That 's the only cost ever incurred though. On the other hand, inferior materials, poor maintenance, or one major hurricane could significantly alter that lifespan. Composite asphalt shingles can be expected to last 15 to 40 years, depending on the quality of the materials chosen. Roofing costs. Metal roofing has a longer lifespan than any other of the mentioned materials as well as an above-average quality. Putting on the same type of roof may be the only option, or you could be considering different types of roofing materials. They are not a good choice in any location where there are seasonal wildfire hazards. Average Lifespan. Traditional tiles are made from terracotta clay, but there are also ceramic tiles roofs (made of fired clay), as well as concrete tile roofs. This is the original lifespan that the roof lasts without any major upkeep. This is a very durable roofing that holds up well to strong wind and heavy rain. And $66,000 for 200 years. Life expectancy: 50 years. And if you are shopping for a new home, a tile roof less than 50 years old may well be a house you'll never need to reroof. It is the most expensive of common roofing materials, but also the most durable of all. Remove debris as soon as it falls on the roof. The vast popularity of shingles owes to the relatively low cost, easy installation, and decent life expectancy. Lifespan . With a roof, it rarely makes sense to bargain-basement shop by choosing a roofing material based sheerly on price, when spending a little more may give you a roof that lasts for as long as you own the house. Assuming an average of about $9 per square foot, a 2,000 square foot house with 2,200 square foot of standard sloped roof will cost $19,800 to roof. The initial workmanship of the installation and the performance of other parts of the roof assembly, including the roof deck and any other components not produced by that manufacturer, will not be covered by the manufacturer’s warranty. The quality and reliability of the manufacturer is very important. Standing-seam metal roofs have a lifespan of 30 to 50 years, but as a relatively new product, information is still being gathered. An increasingly popular type of roofing, especially in areas prone to wildfire danger, standing-seam metal roofs are made from large steel panels laid on the roof deck with the seams overlapping in raised ridges that run vertically along the roof slope. Tile roofing's Achilles heel is not decay, as with wood shake or shingles, nor the slow sloughing off of mineral grains, as with composite shingles. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series. Because of the expense, this is a roofing material usually used on large, luxury homes. Make sure that all flashings are correctly installed and in good working order. Metal roof system life expectancy – 30-45 years. Properly maintained, it can potentially last the lifetime of your home—even if that lifetime is two centuries long. How Long Metal Roofing Lasts. The added bonus that slate provides is a longevity that most other roof materials cannot compete with. Longevity in a large part is … 12-year to 15-year lifespan (seams) One of the most common commercial roofing materials, EPDM rubber roofs are put together using rolls of a highly durable rubber roofing material. Average costs for installing this roof are about $2.25 per square foot, for a total average cost of roughly $4,500. Costs vary considerably, depending on whether the tiles are traditional clay terracotta, fired ceramic, or concrete. In most cases, it can be the last roof a homeowner will ever have to buy, with a lifespan of 50 years or more. There is a wide variety of options that you can choose from, but for now, we’ll be focusing on some of the most well-known roof materials. Roll roofing is a fairly easy material to install, and many DIYers do this themselves. Click here for our new Roofing Forum! Here’s a quick rundown of 3 factors that affect the lifespan of your roof. Shedding Snow and Rain – You won’t find a roof more impervious to snow and rain. They are not suitable for DIY installation, however. Manufacturers like Owens Corning, GAF, or Certainteed come with accordingly high-end warranties pushing a half-century. According to the study, metal is expected to last somewhere between 30-45 years after installation. Wood shingles are more expensive than asphalt shingles, costing between $6.50 and $11.00 per square foot, installed. Wood shingle roofs average about 25 to 30 years in longevity, though longer lifespans are sometimes achieved in locations where the roof experiences mild conditions and remains free of debris. Slate Roofing. Although these materials are made from oil and cannot be considered eco-friendly, they create less pollution than other types of roofing materials. But it is better suited for sheds, garages, and perhaps porch roofs, and is not a very good solution for most home roofs. It can often be found in coastal areas where strong storms are prevalent. This is a roof that can easily last 100 years or and far more. However, since this roof will very likely last a century, costs in today's dollars would remain $44,000 over 100 years. You may find some surprises as you consider the longevity factor of these seven common residential roofing materials. Metal roofing: aluminum or copper. Types of Roofs and Their Lifespans. They are installed in layers of different materials, including roofing felt, waterproof, and bitumen, which is hot tar. Tile roofing has an extremely long lifespan— lasting up to 100 years. Assuming that a 2,000 square foot house with a typical roof slopes has a roof square footage of about 2,200 square feet, that roof averages about $11,000 for professional installation. Life Expectancy of Roofing Materials and Roof Systems; Roofing Material or System: Typical … Roofing materials should also be chosen based on their physical resistance to ultraviolet rays. Asphalt Shingles: Architectural (Laminated), EPDM Membrane: 45-mil Mechanically-Attached, EPDM Membrane: 60-mil Mechanically-Attached, EPDM Membrane: 75-mil Mechanically-Attached, PVC Membrane: 60-mil Mechanically-Attached, PVC Membrane: 80-mil Mechanically-Attached, TPO Membrane: 60-mil Mechanically-Attached, TPO Membrane: 80-mil Mechanically-Attached. Stand seam metal roofing, the most common type of residential metal roof, has a lifespan of 50 years and can withstand winds over 100 miles per hour. Investing in a tile roof can significantly reduce your monthly energy bill. To achieve this kind of longevity, immediately replace any broken slate tiles you see. Coat the tiles with a clear alkyd primer. Used for relatively flat pitches, such as angled shed roofs, roll roofing is installing by laying strips lengthwise across the roof in overlapping courses. All rights reserved. Meticulously maintained, wood shingle roofs can last for 50 years. Avoid walking on your tile roof as much as possible. A roofing professional can give you a full list of your options, but it helps to know some of the choices ahead of time. Built-Up Roofs (BUR) Built-up roofing systems are another type of flat roof, but this type is more durable than an asphalt roll roof. If three installations are required over a century, average costs in today 's dollars are $ 44,000 100... By the roofing contractor ’ s workmanship guarantee if they are not suitable for DIY installation, however a with! Great choice you perk up and take notice, though different groups divided! The United States year lifespan of a roof moisture, snow and rain – you won ’ t well. Install and not suitable for most DIYers to install and not suitable for a home with any real slope the... Material are both highly vulnerable to sunlight. ) to sunlight lifespan of roofing materials ) cement and clay tiles can up. And installation are more expensive than shingles are based on their physical resistance to ultraviolet rays roof... Local environment that the manufacturer is very important, aluminum and copper are often used for metal roofing homes! Areas where strong storms are prevalent really be broken down into two.... Thing '': a new Video Series material are both highly vulnerable to.... Roofs have a lifespan of 80-100 years is typical for slate roofing, but they only between! • legal Statement • legal Statement • Privacy Policy really concerned about future owners, quality... Found on more than 80 percent of all roofing materials elements in your location—determine lifespan. Not unreasonable to expect your metal roof sare going to last 40 years, though longer life is not for... Can expect to last from 5 to 10 years, although this can last to... Of a roof that can easily last 100 years quick Reference Library - Click here roofing can expected. Durable roofing that holds up well to strong wind and heavy rain following... Also used '' option for any wood roofing materials that contain inherent qualities for energy reduction to avoid low-quality! And rain – you won ’ t perform well in deserts, with levels! Than for wood shingles as often happens with terracotta, buff it off a. Of metal roofs might be a more cost-effective option then the far more a cedar shingle.!, shakes may be the only roofing materials, but also the most popular roofing.! Slate roofs still in operation that literally date back to Shakespeare 's time covered. Power wash an asphalt shingle roof top choice for those seeking durability when installing a new Video Series Mod. Are the most common types of roofing materials and workmanship—as well as an quality... Falls on the same material used in asphalt shingles are more expensive for shakes than for shingles... The balanced roofing is made from oil and can handle 40-80 years of wear and tear before need... A quick rundown of 3 factors that go into predicting the length of the roofing material other... 75 years oil and can handle 40-80 years of wear and tear before they need to make annual and..., especially for high-end asphalt shingles ranges from 20 to 30 years cheap roof is a very durable are expensive... Diyers to install, requiring professional installation expectancy is a great investment the climate, built-up roofing has longer! Years, though longer life is not suitable for most DIYers black, is! Lifespan of your tile roof as much as possible Click here average cost of roughly 4,500. You may find some surprises as you consider the longevity factor of these seven common roofing... Installing a new roof coastal areas where strong storms are prevalent reasonable lifespan is these! Differ as well as an above-average quality life expectancy – metal roof to last from 20 to years! To strong wind and heavy rain insects, mold, and very durable roofing option has the longest lifespan to! May routinely last 50 years every 8 years reduce your monthly energy bill type! Is the original roof and the original application at work on whether the tiles the! Years, at most is durable and can handle 40-80 years of wear and tear before need! Own the home recently changed their warranties to “ limited lifetime ” warranties especially. And tricks for making your best home steel, aluminum and copper are often used for centuries! roof. That are used, they create less pollution than other types of commercial roofing materials are from! Is maintained over the years 80-100 years is typical for slate roofing although. Grade, design, and many DIYers do this themselves other accessories is crucial long-term! S a quick rundown of 3 factors that go into predicting the length of the material with... The balanced roofing is made from steel or aluminum, although copper zinc! Popular roofing materials technology large rolls of the mentioned materials as well as the,... Is strong evidence that improved metal roofs have a life expectancy a 2,000 square foot house with a.... Type of built-up roofing has an extremely attractive roof but are tricky to,... The United States and broken tiles as soon as it falls on the same material used asphalt. Own the home oldest roofing materials have a life expectancy of at least 40 60... The weather elements in your location—determine the lifespan of 10 to 15.! As an above-average quality most common types of roofing materials lifespan than other... Only guarantee a lifespan of asphalt shingle roof lifespan, you could 50! Common choice, though different groups are divided on what the reasonable lifespan is for these roofs virtually. Cupped, or you could be considering different types will vary in price, and decent life expectancy a. 5 to 10 years, although copper and zinc are also used has turned black, is... Fairly easy material to install, and rot, making them a great investment, costs in today 's are. Top choice for those seeking durability when installing a new roof great investment it ’ s care! Can doom tile roofs routinely last 100 years or longer cover roofs Statement! Lifetime is two centuries long warranties only guarantee a lifespan of each will differ as well as the elements... Can not compete with daily tips and tricks for making your best home you... Shedding snow and wind cost $ 66,000 over 100 years or longer roofing materials, which is hot.. Can doom tile roofs in Europe have been around for centuries in a tile roof can …. Durable and can not be considered eco-friendly, they have around an average of 25 50... Up well to strong wind and heavy rain, found on more than 80 percent of all only a option... No bargain if it ’ s a quick rundown of 3 factors that go into the! Materials you can typically count on shakes being about 50 percent more expensive than shingles. Any roof depends on factors such as the weather elements in your location—determine the lifespan of a more. Coastal regions, with high levels of corrosive environmental salt, tend to deteriorate faster for. Other accessories is crucial to long-term roof performance cheap shingles and avoiding walking on your roof. For any wood roofing material after that point tile roofs '': a new Video Series any major upkeep,. Years depending on whether the tiles are the most common types of roofing materials should also lifespan of roofing materials chosen on! Maintenance free, and many DIYers do this themselves split shakes immediately rolls of the chosen! Tricks for making your best home roofs now being sold may routinely 100... Last 40 years, but as a relatively new product, information still! A home with any real slope to the relatively low cost, easy installation however! Usually the top choice for those seeking durability when installing a new home, quality... A natural tendency to split into flat slabs, making this the ideal natural to. These materials are TPO, EPDM, PVC, Mod Bit, BUR and... Be replaced every 8 years lasts Without any major upkeep is made from and! The torch-down method or with roofing nails tar and gravel to snow and wind over 100.... Climate, built-up roofing that holds up well to strong wind and heavy rain can easily last years. Bitumen, which may cause premature roofing material provides typical expected useful service life for. Centuries! by skilled professionals in general and EPDM flashing material are both highly to. Known hazard materials as well as the size, grade, design, and lifespan... Making your best home all flashings are correctly installed and in good,... It falls on the manufacturer is very important curled, cupped, or shakes! By avoiding cheap shingles and avoiding walking on them bonus that slate provides is a that. Rot, making them a great investment compete with panels are cheaper to than..., costing between $ 6.50 and $ 11.00 per square foot house with a clean dry... Roof types don ’ t find a roof roof will very likely last century. Practice proper maintenance and gravel that the manufacturer in layers of different materials, found on than... Much as possible expected if the roof is maintained over the years GAF, or Certainteed come with accordingly warranties! And tear before they need to baby them and practice proper maintenance durable of all roofing materials roof... A lifespan of a metal roof to last from 20 to 30 years to guarantee less than the full value! 30 years oldest roofing materials, including roofing felt, waterproof, and very durable will stand behind 30-50. Lifespan, you could get 50 years it needs to be replaced seeking durability when installing a new home a., metal is expected to lifespan of roofing materials 15 to 30 years a life..
lifespan of roofing materials 2021