google_ad_height = 600; Human Trafficking in Nigeria; Meaning, Causes, Effects, Possible Solutions, Rape in Nigeria; Notable Cases, Causes, Effects, Possible Solutions, Kidnapping in Nigeria; Meaning, Notable Cases, Causes, Effects, Possible Solutions, 11 Notable List of Corruption Cases in Nigeria, Conflict between two Tiv clans averted, while troops killed five militia. (According to Italian authorities, there are between 10,000 to 30,000 Nigerian women working in prostitution on the streets of Italy.) Therefore, the government and bodies who are capable of putting a stop to this act should do everything within their power to put an end to it, and any effort to combat this act must include scrapping out the roots, i.e. IMPACT OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING IN NIGERIAN STATE. Download Undergraduate Projects Topics and Materials Accounting, Economics, Education IMPACT OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING IN NIGERIAN STATE. Delta State has since followed suit, creating its own anti-trafficking Task Force in April 2019. These and many other commendable efforts have been taken to prevent trafficking in persons. NAPTIP further contends that 75% of those who are trafficked within Nigeria are trafficked across states, while 23% are trafficked within states. Of the over 70,000 African victims of women trafficking, Nigerian women account for 70 percent of those trafficked to Italy alone. Causes and Consequences of Transnational Human Trafficking in West Africa The causes of transnational human trafficking in West Africa are multiple. This study focuses on the causes, effects and remedies of Child . Thus, they are sold into slavery and sexual exploitation or forced into marriages. United Kingdom: European Refugee Fund. When a person doesn’t know better, it is quite easy to deceive such a person. CHILD TRAFFICKING IN NIGERIA: CAUSES, EFFECTS AND REMEDIES . Below are some of the causes of human trafficking: Poverty is one of the major causes of human trafficking in today’s world. (2015). Download Undergraduate Projects Topics and Materials Accounting, Economics, Education September 10, 2020 • Human trafficking, a form of modern day slavery, involves the illegal trade of people for exploitation or commercial gain and is a $150 billion global industry. But the ugly phenomenon still persists. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-9755093768544960"; And, even when they are aware, they still agree to these terms because of the promise of greener pastures. • Nigeria remains a source, transit and destination country when it comes to human trafficking. Human trafficking has negative effects on Nigeria’s image and has necessitated the establishment of the National Agency for the Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons (NAPTIP) by federal government, and in collaboration with some organizations to stem the tide. First, and most important, is the development of the country by the federal government in terms of infrastructure, job creation, and poverty alleviation. It is also called trafficking in persons, especially women and children, and may occur within a country or transnationally. Lack of adequate legislation and of political will and commitment to enforce existing legislation or mandates are other factors that facilitate trafficking in persons. Human trafficking is the fastest-growing form of slavery. Human trafficking (In general, 83.5% of all Nigerians interviewed in 2017 reported to have suffered from physical violence of any kind during the journey, most often in Libya. The crime rate is also affected, as most illegal immigrants smuggled into these European countries engage in illegal activities to make ends meet. In conclusion, having stated the reasons and consequences of human trafficking, it is deemed as an unacceptable act and must be stopped. ABSTRACT . This article is useful to curious learners, students, researchers, and policymakers. Human trafficking in Nigeria is increasing with both domestic and international human trafficking. However, it is undisputed that principally due to Nigeria’s population, Nigeria is routinely listed as one of the countries with the largest number of trafficking victims overseas (particularly in Europe), with victims identified in 34 countries in four regions in 2018. Impact Of Human Trafficking In Nigeria. Organ trafficking has been on the rise in Libya. Worldwide, human trafficking is a canker that eats into the fabrics of every nation and impedes its development. The UN’s International Organization for Migration (IOM) further reports that as of January 31, 2020, there were 47,079 registered refugees and asylum-seekers in Libya. Let us know. There have been several cases of traffickers losing their life to this act. Nigeria: Human Trafficking Factsheet. Globally, in 2019, there were only a total of 11,841 prosecutions (down from 11,096 in 2018) and 9,548 convictions (up from 7,481 in 2018). The Initiative is being implemented in 14 African countries, including Nigeria, where as of September 2019, close to 12,000 migrants have been voluntarily repatriated (mostly from Niger and Libya). We also believe that the fight against sex trafficking requires an interdisciplinary approach that utilizes a combined human rights, cognitive/behavior restructuring and an economic development methodology. According to ILO report, an estimated number of 5.5 Million children are trafficked around the world and the rate of trafficking keeps increasing as children are trafficked for sexual exploitation, forced labour, benefit fraud, criminal activities, and many more. 90% of migrant women arriving into Italy from Libya arrive with bruises and other signs of violence. Among the root causes of human trafficking in Nigeria, we mention poverty, lack of education, globalization, corruption and gender inequality. It is the third most common crime in Nigeria after drug trafficking and economic fraud (UNESCO, 2006). But, research has identified a range of issues that victims and survivors may experience. Essay On Human Trafficking In Nigeria 713 Words | 3 Pages. trafficking especially as it concerns women and children trafficking. ©2018 PathFinders Justice Initiative, Inc. 47,079 registered refugees and asylum-seekers in Libya, no longer within the top ten nationalities, Edo State Task Force Against Human Trafficking, signed into law the Edo State Trafficking in Persons Prohibition Bill (2018), Common Agenda for Migration and Mobility Agreement, largest category for Nigerian female trafficking victims. Elechi, J. N. (November 2012). Effects of human trafficking in Nigeria Human trafficking has adverse effects on the individual and nations involved. IOM estimates that 80% of these young women arriving from Nigeria – whose numbers have soared from 1,454 in 2014 to 11,009 in 2016 – will likely be forced into prostitution as sex trafficking victims. Impact Of Human Trafficking In Nigeria. Family members also driven by greed could influence the younger ones in the family, especially the young girls, to go outside the shores of the country and engage in illicit acts in order to make money. According to the US State Department’s 2020 TIP Report, NAPTIP received 943 cases for investigation, completed 210 investigations, prosecuted at least 64 suspects in 64 cases, and convicted 27 traffickers, compared with receiving 938 cases for investigation, completing 192 investigations, 64 prosecutions, and 43 convictions in the previous reporting period. The individual is exposed to the risk of sexually transmitted diseases and infections, and, worst-case scenario, death. Given the underground nature of trafficking, its consequences are hidden and difficult to see. Read more… Terms of Use. A country ridden by unemployment and poverty cannot successfully shake off the menace of human trafficking. Human Trafficking: The Modern Day Slavery of the 21st Century. According to the same Report, most reported male victims of trafficking are age 11 and under, with most female victims (the overwhelming majority of identified victims in Nigeria) being over 18 years of age. google_ad_width = 300; This paper presents the causes and consequences of the trafficking of women from Nigeria to America and Europe. Prior to the abolition of slave trade and slavery in the early 19th century, human beings were sold as commodities to merchants by kings and warriors in exchange for goods. Greed, war, and political conditions can also lead to human trafficking. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-9755093768544960"; Those statistics notwithstanding, the total number that currently embark on the journey from Nigeria to Europe remains largely unknown. According to IOM, there are approximately 356,000 IDPs  (as of November 2019) and 636,000 refugees and migrants in Libya (as of January 2020), the country from which a large percentage of migrants attempt the journey into Europe. Also, children from other West African nations like Togo, Ghana, and the Benin Republic are brought to Nigeria and forced to work tedious jobs in inhumane conditions. Women (and also children) are often viewed as objects that can be sold. Human trafficking of Nigerian women to Italy began in the 1980s because of the demand for low skilled labour in agriculture and services. Some family members may even sell the younger ones under their care to human traffickers without their consent. Human trafficking poses detrimental economic and social consequences in Nigeria. Jeffrey, C. (2006). There are also adverse effects on the population of the countries involved. Most estimates, however, place the total number of Nigerians arriving Europe in 2016 at about 40,000 and about 18,000 in 2017 (men, women and children). These merchants provided weapons and fueled crises between communities to increase the supply of slaves. Women and children are taken from within the country’s borders and taken to other West African and Central African countries like Gabon, Benin, Togo, Niger, Burkina Faso, Gambia, and Chad, as well as other European countries like Russia and Italy, and other the Middle East and North African countries. The Government of Nigeria maintained strong anti-trafficking law enforcement efforts. Poverty, unemployment, illiteracy, and security challenges are some of the national issues that lead to trafficking in person’s, and these issues must be tackled if human trafficking is to be dealt with. (In fact, in Italy, Nigerians represented a meagre 2.1% of the total 11,000 land and sea arrivals in 2019 and numbers have continued to drop since 2017.) The trafficking of illicit drugs poses a major risk to the life of the trafficker. According to UNHCR statistics, Nigerians were not amongst the top 10 nationalities of arrivals by land or sea into Greece, Spain or Italy (the three primary countries for arrivals) in 2019. The team comprises professionals and Consultants from different fields of human endeavour. google_ad_slot = "9979770738"; Statistics for 2019 have yet to be released. 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According to UNICEF, the consequences of women trafficking from Nigeria include loss of lives, increasing prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases including HIV/AIDS, increase in violence and crime rate, increased school drop-out rates, impaired child development, poor national image and massive deportation of Nigerian girls and women. H 2: human trafficking does have a significant effect on the economic growth of Nigeria. CNN contends that Edo State is the most trafficked through destination in Africa. As such, we are working to ensure that every young woman in Nigeria has access, i.e., an opportunity to live a life that is dignified and one that is graced with self determination; one where she is not robbed of agency. Root causes of Human trafficking contd. Trafficking from Nigeria to other African countries (particularly Cameroon, Ghana and Mali) and the Middle East is also on the rise, with Mali being the primary destination country from which would be victims are rescued by NAPTIP. It is estimated that over 15 million Nigerians leave outside the country for the purpose of education, jobs, as well as other illicit activities like commercial sex work. Research shows that about 10,000 Nigerian prostitutes in Italy are subjected to human trafficking. Consequences of human trafficking The victims of trafficking are exploited and abused, suffer from different infection contaminations and diseases (more often sexually transmitted diseases such as Hepatitis, Syphilis, and HIV), physical and psycho injuries, and even death. • The overwhelming majority of trafficking victims and migrants make the treacherous journey from Edo State (particularly Benin) and Delta States to Kano, from where they are smuggled into Niger or Algeria before traversing 500 miles over the Sahara Desert into Libya. African Journal of Criminology and Justice Studies, Vol 6 No. THE EFFECTS OF CHILD AND HUMAN TRAFFICKING IN NIGERIA, Largest Undergraduate Projects Repository, Research Works and Materials. They identify a void and offer to fill it. Fighting the menace requires a coordinated and concerted push from all stakeholders. See 2020 U.S. State Department Trafficking In Persons Report. Also, in most nations ridden by insurgency and terrorism like Nigeria, terrorist groups might abduct women and children during raids and attacks, and these women and children are subjected to inhumane jobs in terrorist camps like sex slavery, and could sometimes be commercially sold to other human traffickers. Trafficked persons are smuggled into these European countries as illegal immigrants, and not as registered citizens, and thus, there’s an increase in population growth, and this eventually affects a country’s development. Women and girls forced to engage in illicit sexual activities suffer from low self-esteem because of the activities they’re made to carry out, and their mental health becomes affected as a result. Human trafficking is globally recognized as a modern day slavery with multifarious negative socio-economic, legal and health implications. While, boys are taken for the purpose of begging, mining, and domestic servitude. In August 2011, one Chilaka Ogbonna Emmanuel, a 25 year old man from Lagos, Nigeria, died on-board a Malaysia bound flight. See 2020 U.S. State Department Trafficking in Persons Report. Most traffickers recruit their victims between the ages of 6 to 24, because a young victim will easily succumb to force and give in. the traffickers. Read Also: 5 traffic robbery suspects in police net. When most trafficked persons return home after the harsh experiences they faced in European nations, they face an even harsher stigma back in their home country, as they’re quickly branded as shameful and disgraceful. The effects of human trafficking … Our aim is to provide daily living guide for Nigerians and her friends. Trafficking of children is synonymous with exploitation child labour. Here you will see the meaning of Human trafficking, notable cases, causes, effects and possible solutions to the menace. Prior to the abolition of slave trade and slavery in the early 19th century, human beings were sold as commodities to merchants by kings and warriors in exchange for goods. The majority of those forced into human trafficking are forced into the commercial sex trade or forced labor. That restoration requires government engagement, empowered communities and access for individuals. Lack of formal education and exposure sometimes makes individuals easily susceptible to the deceit of human traffickers. Based on current knowledge (Out, 2003), Nigeria is a major supplier, consumer and also a transit route for human trafficking. • Human trafficking is a high profit, low risk business which allows traffickers to generally operate with impunity. In 2016, Nigerians accounted for about 21% of the total 181,000 migrants braving the Mediterranean to arrive into Italy. Impact of Human Trafficking on Victims and Survivors. according to the United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization(UNESCO), Nigeria was said to be one of the leading African countries as regards trafficking in persons, both within and outside its borders. Codification of the Task Force to investigate and prosecute trafficking cases in Edo (total of 38 investigations and 22 pending prosecutions in 2019- down from 56 investigations and 20 prosecutions in 2018), following an allocation of N242 million by the state government) occurred on May 23, 2018 when Governor Obaseki signed into law the Edo State Trafficking in Persons Prohibition Bill (2018) in Abuja. Majority of those who perished on the Crisis of human trafficking, Nigerian women working in on. Identifies the major causes of human trafficking the content on the economic growth of European countries these! 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