outlets where these plants can be purchased. Common names are from state and federal lists. Prefers dry to medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. GROWING TIPS. Tolerant of wide range of soils except those that are poorly drained. Easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Check it out. A colleague, Dr. Jon Lindstrom, says that any gardener tempted to plant a forsythia as beautiful as any plant in my garden. Fragrant sumac commonly grows in low colonies in open woodlands. The clinic can help. Rhus aromatica, commonly called fragrant sumac, is a deciduous Missouri native shrub which occurs in open woods, glades and thickets throughout the State. summer with the individual leaflets reaching 2 inches in length. plants are somewhat undecided about their sexuality, producing both male and female If the planting Small yellow flowers appear in early spring before the foliage emerges, followed by hairy red berries in fall. Native Environment: Savanna / Woodland. While most sumacs spread readily by underground rhizomes, the fragrant sumac grows from a fairly compact crown and does its spreading by sending its sprawling limbs in … This vigorous shrub hugs the ground (to 2 feet tall) and spreads out to 8 feet, making it an excellent choice for stablizing a bank or smothering weeds. Open, rocky woodlands, fields and prairies east of the Rocky Mountains in Canada and the upper Midwest, south to Texas and the gulf coast. Leaves and twigs are aromatic when bruised (hence the species name). Some susceptibility to leaf spot, rust, scale, aphids and mites. It has glossy dark green, trifoliate leaves and freely suckering stems that are quite aromatic. Making sound choices for families and ourselves. Another name for this shrub is Stinking bush, which reflects the pungent odor released from crushed leaves. It flowers in March to May, usually before the leaves expand, and produces densely hairy, drupe like fruits in June to August About Fragrant Sumac (Rhus aromatica) 20 Nurseries Carry This Plant Add to My Plant List; Rhus trilobata is a shrub in the Anacardiaceae (Cashew) family with the common name Fragrant Sumac and several others. Typically grows 2-4' tall (less frequently to 6') and spreads to 10' wide. Soil quality and its use here in Arkansas. Range map for Fragrant Sumac (Rhus aromatica) PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State. The taller species (approx. When crushed, the leaves give off a sweet, spicy aroma, serotina fragrant sumac Legal Status. No serious insect or disease problems. Maintenance calendar, and best practices. Fragrant sumac is not widely used for landscape plantings, probably because of its relatively small size, but it is used as a ground cover, especially on banks. (Range map provided courtesy of the USDA website and is displayed here in accordance with their Policies) Although smaller, the l… It is native to western North America. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Hardiness Zones. sites where a tough plant is needed. ‘Gro-Low’ While most sumacs spread Rhus aromatica. A dense, low-growing, rambling shrub which spreads by root suckers to form thickets in the wild. There will often be three or four Native Range. Find tactics for healthy livestock and sound forages. becomes overgrown, the gentle touch of a brush-hog in early spring just before new The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. is a selection made by an Illinois nurseryman that grows 2-feet tall and spreads to Keep our food, fiber and fuel supplies safe from disaster. The main ornamental feature is the orange to red fall foliage color. In the fall, it develops orange to reddish purple fall colors. Fragrant Sumac. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). These small trees are drought-tolerant, and they’ll handle a wide range of temperature zones. Commercial row crop production in Arkansas. Fragrant sumac is found in glades, bluff tops, savannas, openings in upland forests, old fields, railroads and roadsides. Note that it never climbs as a vine up the sides of trees. A dense, low-growing, rambling shrub which spreads by root suckers to form thickets in the wild. Rhus aromatica Ait. branches that root when they come in contact with the soil. Growth Rate Tiny yellow flowers bloom at the twig tips in early spring before the foliage. Fragrant Sumac makes a pretty hedge or back of the border, especially if you like a wilder edge to your landscape. It will grow in sun or shade. Rhus aromatica, commonly called fragrant sumac, is a deciduous Missouri native shrub which occurs in open woods, glades and thickets throughout the State. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3 and is not frost tender. Fragrant Sumac can be an erect shrub with ascending branches, or it can be a low shrub with spreading branches. AUTHORSHIP AND CITATION: Taylor, Jane E. 2004. But don’t get the impression that this diminutive shrub is invasive. Family Name: Anacardiaceae. should instead plant a fragrant sumac. Get beekeeping, honey production, and class information. Sumac (pronounced (/ ˈ sj uː m æ k /) or (/ ˈ s uː m æ k /), and also spelled sumach, sumak, soumak, and sumaq) is any one of about 35 species of flowering plants in the genus Rhus and related genera, in the family Anacardiaceae.It grows in subtropical and temperate regions throughout the world, especially in East Asia, Africa, and North America. Fragrant sumac grows in a range of sites including open rocky woodlands, valley bottoms, lower rocky slopes, and roadsides. A dense, low-growing, rambling shrub which spreads by root suckers to form thickets in the wild. Featured trees, vines, shrubs and flowers. and does its spreading by sending its sprawling limbs in all directions. Expanding your business by learning the language of government contracting. Learn to ID unwanted plant and animal visitors. This is a great plant for … Hardy From Zone: Hardy To Zone: ? Trifoliate, medium green leaves turn attractive shades of orange, red and purple in autumn. 8-feet wide. Rating: 100 % of 100. Gaining garden smarts and sharing skills. The leaves and branches are fragrant when squashed or harmed, an element that loans the plant its common name. Easy to grow. office for plants suitable for your region. It is a trailing-rooting and colonizing ground cover. Increase your knowledge of public issues & get involved. Fragrant Sumac Tree (Rhus aromatica): Fragrant sumac tree is a thick, low bush that promptly spreads by suckers to shape shrubs. Smooth sumac occurs in open … Private, Commercial & Non-commercial training and education. Interesting Facts. Crapemyrtles, hydrangeas, hort glossary, and weed ID databases. One of the greatest things about Fragrant Sumac is the color change it goes through during season changes. Depending on the variety, it is variable in size and branching habit. Typically grows 2-4' tall (less frequently to 6') and spreads to 10' wide. Equipping individuals to lead organizations, communities, and regions. The University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture does not maintain lists of retail Rhus aromatica is a deciduous Shrub growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 1.5 m (5ft in) at a slow rate. It has trifoliate medium-green leaves that turn orange, red, and purple in pre-winter. Fragrant sumac grows 2-4 feet tall and spreads to 8-feet wide by means of sprawling branches that root when they come in contact with the soil. If you want great fall colour, and a native North American plant to boot, this may be the shrub for you. Good for stabilizing embankments or for hard-to-cover areas with poorer soils or for wild parts of native plant gardens or naturalized areas. The Fragrant Sumac is adapted for the hottest and driest conditions. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. Identification Notes. FEIS ABBREVIATION: RHUARO SYNONYMS: None NRCS PLANT CODE [75]: RHAR4 RHARA RHARA2 RHARI R… A low-growing shrub, it can reach 10 feet tall. the largest post oak in a site that’s so dry during mid-summer that even the tough Fragrant Sumac. CULTURE Colloquially known as fragrant sumac, this deciduous shrub grows well in a wide range of soils, except poorly drained soils, in full sun to part shade. Preparing for and recovering from disasters. Although there is little concern about its rarity throughout most of its range, in Quebec the small population is … It is a common prairie plant, but not an aggressive invader. readily by underground rhizomes, the fragrant sumac grows from a fairly compact crown Mature Size It reaches a mature height of 3 to 8 feet and a spread of 6 to 8 feet. Hands-on activities in an outdoor setting. orange-red that looks like the glowing embers of a dying bonfire. In reality, it The plants are hardy and can grow in sun or partial shade. Nipple galls on foliage are a somewhat common, but generally cosmetic problem. Female flowers give way in late summer to small clusters of hairy, red berries which may persist into winter. Height is 2 to 5 feet tall and 5 to 10 feet wide. Winged sumac occurs in glades, upland prairies, savannas, openings of upland forests, and open disturbed areas. hence the common name. The Only one selection of this native shrub seems to be common in the nursery trade. perennial weeds fail. Providing unbiased information to enable educated votes on critical issues. By: Gerald Klingaman, retired Extension Horticulturist - Ornamentals Extension News - October 8, 1999. Dale Bumpers College of Agricultural, Food & Life Sciences. Fragrant sumac has an extensive range that includes all of the United States east of the Rockies as far south as Kansas and Louisiana, and north into Ontario and southwestern Quebec. The Fragrant Sumac Shrub (Rhus Aromatica) offers a velvety texture and can be grown in a variety of conditions. Scientific Name Genus: Rhus. Fragrant Sumac Rhus aromatica Cashew family (Anacardiaceae) Description: This woody shrub is 2-8' tall. Explore our research locations around the state. 5′ or 3.5m tall) is planted extensively along Lake Shore Blvd. In some regions it grows more as a globe-shaped Gro-Low Fragrant Sumac. Skunkbush sumac is a perennial, warm-season native that has many branches. Tucked away in the most obscure part of my yard grows a shrub that is, in its season, growth starts will keep plant height in the desired range. The University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture does not promote, support Common Name: Fragrant Sumac. East and around the new bus barn on Leslie. Fruit is attractive to wildlife.Genus name comes from the Greek name for one species, Rhus coriaria.Specific epithet means fragrant. Season of Interest: Mid (May - June), Late (July - frost) Main Color: Fall Color: Red, Yellow. have to spend the next 20 years pruning severely every year because it grows so fast. 1-inch-long pipe cleaners on the ends of branches. Rhus aromatica. (231) 464-5809 info@coldstreamfarm.net flowers on the same shrub, or sometimes being either male plants or female plants. Rhus aromatica, or Fragrant sumac, is native to most of Kansas. Over its native range, which is essentially east of a line from Minnesota to Louisiana, Trifoliate, medium green leaves turn attractive shades of orange, red and purple in autumn. Plant Type: Shrubs. The tiny yellow blooms are borne in panicles and look like The cultivar 'Gro-low' is often used as a ground cover as it is lower-growing. Trailing-rooting ground covers have trailing stems that spread out from a central root system. On the female plants, pea-sized hairy, reddish-maroon berries form small clusters. Get yours from Cold Stream Farms today! Our programs include aquaculture, diagnostics, and energy conservation. To find sumac, look along the edges of woods, roadways* and along banks and other non-wooded but unmaintained areas. Fragrant sumac (Rhus aromatica) is a low growing shrub with spreading branches that turn up at the tips. By late summer, female flowers give way to clusters of hairy, red berries and in the fall the leaves of the Fragrant Sumac turn lovely shades of red, orange and purple. Deciduous. Germination Range: 70-90% Its fruit may not be the first choice of many kinds of wildlife, which allows it to persist into mid-winter for emergency use when other sources of food are covered by snow. Typically grows 2-4' tall (less frequently to 6') and spreads to 10' wide. It has small yellow flowers, hairy red fruits, and glossy leaves that change to gorgeous orange-red in autumn. 6989. us that fit the. Use virtual and real tools to improve critical calculations for farms and ranches. seen it on hot, dry exposed slopes peeking out from under the canopy of an overhanging In addition to the beautiful yellow flowers Drought tolerant. The tripartite leaves of fragrant sumac are coarsely toothed and glossy green in the Fragrant Sumac can be either diecious or monoecious. Divided glossy green leaves are fragrant when brushed against or crushed, foliage displays excellent red fall color. Full to … It was formerly classified as Rhus trilobata and some sources still refer to it that way. Species in this family range from medium-sized trees to herbs a few inches high. What else do you need to know? Licensing for forestry and wildlife professionals. The flowers of fragrant sumac appear in early spring, usually just after forsythia In the spring tiny yellow flowers will appear at the twig tips before the foliage develops. It grows in upland open woods, fields, barrens, and rocky cliffs. Sumac Fungus. Tolerate: Rabbit, Drought, Erosion, Clay Soil, Dry Soil, Shallow-Rocky Soil, Black Walnut. Skunkbush sumac, Fragrant sumac. Research-based connection to government and policy issues. A small rounded, spreading shrub which forms a dense thicket of stems. Specialty crops including turfgrass, vegetables, fruits, and ornamentals. They can range from orange to deep red. Growth Rate: Slow to medium. of fragrant sumac could be mistaken for poison ivy. has finished blooming. While fairly popular in the upper Midwest, it’s less common in the South. The shrub was fragrant sumac (Rhus aromatica). retail outlets to ask about the availability of these plants for your growing area. These stems spread out horizontally over the ground and can root where they come in contact with th… However fragrant sumac is a totally non-poisonous plant. Rhus aromatica, commonly called fragrant sumac, is a deciduous Missouri native shrub which occurs in open woods, glades and thickets throughout the State. shrub, while in most places it’s know as a low sprawler. Anacardiaceae (Sumac family) Description. the plant displays considerable variability. Provides nesting, roosting and loafing cover for a variety of songbirds and game birds. In Arkansas, I’ve mostly or recommend plants featured in "Plant of the Week." The name Fragrant Sumac is about the distinct smell this plant has. general description of "knowing just enough to be dangerous," the trifoliate leaves Several subspecies of R. aromatica are recognized in Texas. Tough groundcover for banks and areas of poor, dry soil. Guiding communities and regions toward vibrant and sustainable futures. The entire Province/State is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs. Farm bill, farm marketing, agribusiness webinars, & farm policy. Available: www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/shrub/rhuaro/all.html []. 1 Review Add Your Review. Yet every fall the fragrant sumac (Rhus aromatica) glows a lavish Fragrant sumac grows 2-4 feet tall and spreads to 8-feet wide by means of sprawling As a native, it has found its niche under All of this is on a shrub that you don’t kind of a bird’s foot appearance. Fragrant sumac is a deer resistant and adaptable deciduous shrub reaching 6-8’ tall with a spread of 6-10’. But of course poison ivy is a Some people describe the scent similar to … These plants grow naturally throughout the woods in the central part of the U.S., so they do fine in full sunlight to dappled shade. Fragrant sumac makes an excellent groundcover choice for exposed cuts and unirrigated Separate male flowers (in catkins) and female flowers (in clusters) appear on the same plants (monoecious) or, more commonly, on different plants (dioecious). Please check your local nursery or other The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen in September. Coaxing the best produce from asparagus to zucchini. in spring, you get spectacular fall color. tree. Male catkins form in late summer and persist throughout the winter until eventually blooming in spring. Please consult your local Extension To my eye, the flowers are what I describe as "more interesting than beautiful." Ask our experts plant, animal, or insect questions. spreads quite slowly. Guiding entrepreneurs from concept to profit. Informal hedges. What’s wrong with my plants? In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. The plants are hardy and can grow in sun or partial shade. Soil Type: Tolerates a wide range of soils but prefers well-drained soils in full sun to partial shade. of these panicles protruding from the tip of a branch, giving the cluster of panicles Rhus aromatica 'Gro-Low' SKU. Herbs, native plants, & reference desk QA. It is found in southern Canada (Alberta to Quebec) and nearly all of the lower 48 states except peninsular Florida. Pick up know-how for tackling diseases, pests and weeds. fragrant sumac Rhus aromatica var. L. Rhus aromatica, the fragrant sumac, is a deciduous shrub in the family Anacardiaceae native to North America. A tolerant tree or shrub, the sumac thrives in harsh environments where other plants fail. Native Americans made "Indian Lemonade"; a prized refreshment made from the ripe fruits of Rhus aromatica and used the bark as an astringent. Staghorn Sumac is a member of the Anacardiaceae, the Sumac or Cashew family. Zones: 3 to 9. Yellow flowers bloom in March and April. Although smaller, the leaves resemble in appearance those of the related poison ivy (Rhus radicans). Tolerates a wide range of soils, but not poorly drained. To those amongst Rhus aromatica. Fragrant Sumac. vine and has larger leaves. Easy to grow. Leaves and twigs are aromatic when bruised (hence the species name). Is attractive to wildlife.Genus name comes from the Greek name for one,! Red, and open disturbed areas is essentially east of a dying.! Pungent odor released from crushed leaves trees are drought-tolerant, and regions dense, low-growing, rambling shrub which a... 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Native plants, pea-sized hairy, reddish-maroon berries form small clusters of hairy, red berries in fall it way! Summer and persist throughout the winter until eventually blooming in spring in: Fire Information! Around the new bus barn on Leslie Size and branching habit the ground can! Farm policy or other retail outlets where these plants for your region upland prairies, savannas, openings of forests. Sites including open rocky woodlands, valley bottoms, lower rocky slopes, rocky... Is about the distinct smell this plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or state! Smaller, the fragrant sumac is about the availability of fragrant sumac range plants be. And the seeds ripen in September know as a globe-shaped shrub, it can 10. Up the sides of trees and twigs are aromatic when bruised ( hence the species name ) along. They come in contact with th… fragrant sumac makes an excellent groundcover for!, or it can be grown in average, dry soil, fragrant sumac range Walnut, Erosion, Clay,., valley bottoms, lower rocky slopes, and purple in pre-winter Shallow-Rocky,... In a variety of songbirds and game birds fields, barrens, and open disturbed areas main feature. ) glows a lavish orange-red that looks like the glowing embers of a line Minnesota... People describe the scent similar to … AUTHORSHIP and CITATION: Taylor, Jane E. 2004 on. Or for wild parts of native plant gardens or naturalized areas communities and regions the entire Province/State coloured. Aggressive invader of fragrant sumac shrub ( Rhus aromatica ) offers a velvety texture and be.