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The Causes and Consequences of Re-trafficking: 3 Evidence from the IOM Human Trafficking Database ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This study was funded by the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (G/TIP) of the United States Department of State as a component of its support for the IOM Human Trafficking Database. ��4q��M(\��]jNy�E;�����E�l��y�5Pǫy��`��3����!#^�2�6e�:O��*j���^�� �/.$SmxM���T��/�� ����,��U��0���y���ؼ����$7��G��bkS-T�e�)�F� Victim s of domestic human trafficking and trafficking for purposes other than commercial sexual exploitation continue to be underserved ( Irazola e t al., 2008; Sethi, 2007; US Department of State, stream GQ�A�2�ޜ}�3q�I����8��Bp���=s stream Girls Like Us: Fighting for a World Where Girls are Not for Sale, an Activist Finds Her Calling and … 992 17 0 obj 2051 0 obj <>stream PDF. %�쏢 endobj Human Smuggling and Trafficking into Europe: A Comparative Perspective. �������~.FSA;�19f6]׏`9�T��D�� The United Nations Palermo Protocol to prevent, suppress, and punish trafficking in human beings defines human trafficking as: the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring, or receipt of persons by means of threat, force, coercion, or deception (no means needed if it involves a child) to achieve control over another person for the purpose of exploitation.7 x��VKs5�ϯ��U�[�ב�*E1C���^ۻ�]���P�ק��H���}pK��׏����Q�c�]���{v��͇._�g?�nӽ�6�'_Hy��Ol{ �|�tݍ:�H�f ��6F�{�.������鏎�t0�J�e�0]}?u�8!_���}:�z��Gđ�q۽�o�'d;=�Lj3�Лd���;����n>�~>.����� �9*lj.��@�_J�/%��D�ƓH�Ԥ�F�-�l�*+ Both the detection rate and the type of exploitation detected are affected by enforcement patterns, however. 18 0 obj � h�i)������F���cOt�H;�� =�k��X�]$R�6KLu"��`/�:� O`�r#`�=�ʋUL���uP����_�){���(��0kH�8OlF� �2�O���=Q��|\�! �u��=f�7��!�aLT�ae� �P�9��j}T7� �@����bhւQ;������R�UsS����ѡ�'Eo,Zq������t�CA���{;�������-���������~���4¨���h΀z7����gRP�`\l�r��y��X�h6�� Of course, some of these images are hyperboles and stereotypes, but they are rooted in truth. Human Trafficking– ... hope of a new life in Europe; tens of thousands have died in the process. What is Human Trafficking ? Human smuggling and trafficking are two of the fastest growing transnational criminal activities, and are thought to be the most lucrative forms of organized crime after the drug trade. • Victims of trafficking are used for commercial sex or labor purposes • Traffickers use force, fraud, or coercion to achieve the exploitation • Drug dealing, human trafficking is tied with illegal arms which is the second largest criminal industry in the world. According to the Council of Europe’s GRETA (Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings), the majority of Portugal’s identified victims are male. It also offers a menu of policy options that are likely to reduce trafficking and smuggling flows, noting that such policies must be multifaceted to address a variety of contributing factors simultaneously. Combating Human Trafficking in China: Domestic and Internatinal Efforts, Congressional-Executive Commission on China. 90% of those trafficked for the purpose of sexual exploitation are women or girls 2. #T�����w`$��SI^������CM��Q��ڙ��ށP�=�RĹ������s!�u���'��� The training covered our policies and expectations on slavery and human trafficking, and our plans to monitor our suppliers against these requirements. In Western and Southern Europe, human trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation is by far the most prevalent form of trafficking: 66% of all detected victims of human trafficking were trafficked for the purpose of sexual exploitation. Human trafficking is a modern form of slavery. A. the dimension of Democracy, Human Rights and Good Governance as one of its priority areas. ^�����9�5�-��̼ԏPj��^9����Z�{�yL�����Ϻ�>z�{��� �� %PDF-1.6 %���� K���I�;�/e��a�bjDz���U0�ac��w6�o�����r��V�`�N1#A�(p�����K��-'l ,��͝��B��4�om*��w{��ޭ=�K�2U��yy�5ZԃeK��.o��W�� �3`fG�N��w Between 2013 and 2014 15,846 victims were registered in the EU , 71% of the victims were women and girls, and more than half aged under 25. �h����yN��L@��wt��x~[߯���3��X30� H��R�h8~�5��r�+����(= ��҈���v�7���|�&�R�#OM^a��Md��W��|���fx(����tv�h ����u� ��I�\�_���J�1d��ɩo������{c��b Moreover, trafficking of human beings is a human rights violation and is prohibited by the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU. <> The main EU legislation on human trafficking is Directive 2011/36/EU on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Human Beings and Protecting its Victims. Introduction . P.O.Box 2947 Tøyen N-0608 Oslo www.fafo.no Fafo-report 2015:22 ISBN 978-82-324-0207-6 ISSN 0801-6143 Order no. <> endobj . Trafficking in the Americas is less analyzed and understood than trafficking in other regions of the world. The unit “was created to identify bottlenecks in the methods of tackling human trafficking and to come up with solutions,” prioritizes efforts to fight human trafficking, and “encourages innovative methods.” This statement constitutes ResMed (UK) Ltd’s slavery and human trafficking statement in accordance with section 54(1) of the Modern Slavery Act 2015 for the financial year ending 30 June 2020. It occurs all over the world and affects almost every country as an origin, transit or destination country or sometimes a combination of all. human trafficking in europe character causes and consequences Nov 10, 2020 Posted By Corín Tellado Media TEXT ID c6170a10 Online PDF Ebook Epub Library slaves worldwide and around 800000 people trafficked across international borders every year moreover 80 percent of people trafficked yearly are female here are 10 facts National human trafficking hotlines, or helplines, are critical components of a comprehensive anti-trafficking response and can be a powerful instrument in combating human trafficking. CHAPTER 1 Introduction and History of Human Trafficking and Modern Day Slavery 9 women. 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